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NC State Extension

Preventive Controls for Animal Food

About the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA)

The Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA) is one of the most sweeping regulations to affect the feed industry in the last 75 years. As a rule of thumb, facilities that are required to register under the Bioterrorism Act of 2002 are required to comply with FSMA.

Establishments, including farms, that are not required to register under section 415 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (FD&C Act) are not required to comply with any part of the rule.

FSMA involves inspections of facilities for Current Good Manufacturing Practice (CGMP) and the development of a written food safety plan. There are six parts of the animal food rule:

Subpart A: General Provisions
Subpart B: Current Good Manufacturing Practice
Subpart C: Hazard Analysis and Risk-Based Preventive Controls
Subpart D: Withdrawal of a Qualified Facility
Subpart E: Supply Chain Program
Subpart F: Requirements Applying to Records That Must Be Established and Maintained

FSMA is very much a documentation rule, so it is important to remember:

Say what you do, do what you say, and be able to prove it, because if it isn’t written down, it didn’t happen.

Where should I begin?

  • The Rule: Get information regarding the subparts of the rule as they relate to animal food manufacturing.
  • Compliance Dates: Find out when facilities are required to be in compliance with each part of the rule.
  • Exemptions: Facilities that may be required to only comply with none or certain parts of the rules.
  • Training Requirements: Know what training is needed to be in compliance with the rules and where to find training courses.
  • Food Safety Plan: Know what a Food Safety Plan (FSP) should contain and see example plans.
  • Additional Resources: Find other organizations or information that is helpful when developing a food safety plan.